Terms and Conditions



These terms and conditions govern your use of this website; by using this website, you accept these terms and conditions in full. If you disagree with these terms and conditions, or any part of these terms and conditions, you must not use this website.
This website uses cookies. By using this website and agreeing to these terms and conditions, you consent to Wichtig Publishing Srl’s use of cookies in accordance with the terms of Wichtig Publishing Srl’s Privacy Policy / Cookie Policy. 

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Unless otherwise stated, Wichtig Publishing Srl and/or its licensors own the intellectual property rights in the website and material on the website. Subject to the license below, all these intellectual property rights are reserved.
You must not:
  • Republish material from this website (including republication on another website);
  • Sell, rent or sub-license material from the website;
  • Show any material from the website in public;
  • Reproduce, duplicate, copy or otherwise exploit material on this website for a commercial purpose;
  • Edit or otherwise modify any material on the website; or
  • Redistribute material from this website [except for content specifically and expressly made available for redistribution].
Where content is specifically made available for redistribution, it may only be redistributed in accordance with the agreed use.

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You must not use this website in any way that causes, or may cause, damage to the website or impairment of the availability or accessibility of the website; or in any way which is unlawful, illegal, fraudulent or harmful, or in connection with any unlawful, illegal, fraudulent or harmful purpose or activity.
You must not use this website to copy, store, host, transmit, send, use, publish or distribute any material which consists of (or is linked to) any spyware, computer virus, Trojan horse, worm, keystroke logger, rootkit or other malicious computer software.
You must not conduct any systematic or automated data collection activities (including without limitation scraping, data mining, data extraction and data harvesting) on or in relation to this website without Wichtig Publishing Srl’s express written consent.

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Access to certain areas of this website is restricted. Wichtig Publishing Srl reserves the right to restrict access to other areas of this website, or indeed this entire website, at Wichtig Publishing Srl’s discretion.
If Wichtig Publishing Srl provides you with a user ID and password to enable you to access restricted areas of this website or other content or services, you must ensure that the user ID and password are kept confidential.
Wichtig Publishing Srl may disable your user ID and password at Wichtig Publishing Srl’s sole discretion without notice or explanation.

Access to the Service’s protected contents will be valid until subscription expiration or until the Publisher shall terminate it.

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Wichtig Publishing Srl does not guarantee that the operation of the website will be uninterrupted or error-free, that errors will be corrected, that this site, including the server that makes it available, is free of viruses or other harmful components. You hereby agree that Wichtig Publishing Srl, its management and staff, shareholders, agents and licensors are not responsible and are not liable for any losses, damages and charges incurred (including, without limitation, reasonable attorneys' fees) deriving from the use of the site or content.

Nothing on this website constitutes, or is meant to constitute, advice of any kind. If you require advice in relation to any medical matter you should consult an appropriate professional.

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All trademarks appearing on this site and in each article are the property of their respective owners.

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The site may contain hyperlinks to other sites or resources that are provided solely for your convenience. Wichtig Publishing Srl is not responsible for the availability of external sites or resources linked to the site, and does not endorse and is not responsible or liable for any content, advertising, products or other materials on or available from such sites or resources. Transactions that occur between users and any third party are strictly between them.

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Without prejudice to Wichtig Publishing Srl’s other rights under these terms and conditions, if you breach these terms and conditions in any way, Wichtig Publishing Srl may take such action as Wichtig Publishing Srl deems appropriate to deal with the breach, including suspending your access to the website, prohibiting you from accessing the website, blocking computers using your IP address from accessing the website, contacting your internet service provider to request that they block your access to the website and/or bringing court proceedings against you.

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These terms and conditions will be governed by and construed in accordance with Italian law, and any disputes relating to these terms and conditions will be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of Milan.

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10.0 Visitors (registered/unregistered users)
A visitor (registered or unregistered user) is a person who does not have a subscription to a publication and is not affiliated with an institution that holds a subscription. Access is free and unlimited to table of contents, abstracts, homepage, general information and selected free articles, as offered by each publication and marked as “Free”. Visitors wishing to access single full text articles may use the Pay-per-View option, for which a registration is required. The fee payable is set by the Publisher and is clearly identified. Payment by credit card is required.

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10.1 Individual subscribers
An individual subscriber is a person who has access to the Journal’s web contents by purchasing an individual subscription (directly or via a subscription agent) or as part of a membership to an affiliated society. Individual subscribers are authenticated through username and password. Individual subscriptions are personal and cannot be transferred to a third party. In addition to the general Terms and Conditions of Use, the following terms are set forth. By subscribing to the Journal and using the website you agree to all terms and conditions.

Individual subscribers are allowed to:
  • Browse all contents in the website, including all past and forthcoming issues;
  • Save individual articles on a personal, not networked, computer, for personal use;
  • Print a copy of parts of any authorized articles for personal use only.
For any use outside of the above, follow the “Get Permission” link on the website.

Please refer to clause 2.0 for unauthorized use.

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10.2 Institutional (academic) subscribers
An academic subscriber is an institution dedicated to higher education who has access to the Journal’s web contents by purchasing an institutional subscription (directly or via a subscription agent). Institutional subscribers are authenticated via IP recognition and are available to the academic community served by this entity. Academic subscriptions cannot be transferred to third parties.

Authorized users are those people who are allowed to access the Institution’s network from the institution’s own premises. Institutional online subscriptions cover multiple access, but from one physical location only. Multi-site access (for institutions with more than one physical location) or remote end-user access are subject to separate agreements. For further information please contact

In addition to the general Terms and Conditions of Use, the following terms apply. By subscribing to the Journal and using the website you agree to all terms and conditions.  

Institutional subscribers are entitled to:
  • Make temporary local electronic copies (by means of caching or mirrored storage) of all or part of any protected article;
  • Allow authorized users to have access to the Licensed Materials from the server via the Secure Network;
  • Provide single printed or electronic copies of single articles at the request of individual authorized users for individual use:
  • Interlibrary loan. The institution may supply to an authorized user of another library within the same country of the institution, either by post or fax transmission, for the purpose of research or private study and not for commercial use, a single paper copy of an electronic original of an individual article.
Users authorized by the institutional subscriber may:
  • Search, view, retrieve and display the Licensed Materials for personal use;
  • Electronically save individual articles or items of the Licensed Materials for personal use;
  • Print a copy of parts of the Licensed Materials for personal use;
  • Distribute a copy of individual articles of the Licensed Materials in print or electronic form only to other authorized users within the institution.
Please refer to clause 2.0 for unauthorized use.

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10.3 Institutional (commercial) subscribers
A commercial subscriber is a registered user holding a valid subscription for commercial or research interests. The online subscription is available to the employees of the commercial subscriber through Username/Password (single access) or IP access (multiple accesses). Commercial subscriptions are not transferable to third parties. In addition to the general Terms and Conditions of Use, the following terms apply. By subscribing to the Journal and using the website you agree to all terms and conditions.

Users within the commercial institution are allowed to:
  • Search, view, download protected articles;
  • Save individual articles or items for personal use;
  • Print copies of individual articles for personal use.
Please refer to clause 2.0 for unauthorized use.

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