The aim of our study was to retrospectively learn about the incidence of abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE) after caesarean section (CS) in our Perinatal Centre (Perinatal Centre of the Institute for the Care of Mother and Child), one of the largest in the Czech Republic.
This is a retrospective review of hospital records on 18,454 caesarean deliveries between 2003 and 2014.
A total of 17 cases of caesarean scar endometriosis (also known as AWE) were identified. The median age was 36.0 (33.5-43.5) years. In 10 patients, the cyclic pain was present. The median interval between CS and first symptoms was 3.0 (1.0-6.5) years. Ultrasound supported the diagnosis by the identification of hypoechogenic lesions in all patients. The median interval between symptoms development and surgical excision was 1.0 year (1.0-4.0 years). Excision was the mode of treatment. Excisions with clear margins (15 cases) were curative to all those patients. Two patients with involved margins had recurrences at 6 and 8 months, respectively, and were treated with a second resection with no further surgery. No malignant transformation cases were identified.
Physicians should be highly suspicious of CS scar endometriosis, especially after uterine surgery. Complete excision is the only curative treatment.
J Endometr Pelvic Pain Disord 2017; 9(4): 293 - 296
Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
AuthorsPetr Krepelka, Petr Velebil, Jaroslav Feyereisl, Ladislav Krofta
- • Accepted on 08/08/2017
- • Available online on 05/09/2017
- • Published in print on 24/11/2017
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- Krepelka, Petr [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1, 2, * Corresponding Author (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Velebil, Petr [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1, 2
- Feyereisl, Jaroslav [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1, 2
- Krofta, Ladislav [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1, 2
Institute for the Care of Mother and Child (UPMD), Podolske Nabrezi, Prague - Czech Republic
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague - Czech Republic