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A retrospective study of 17 patients who had excision of abdominal wall endometriosis after caesarean section over an 11-year period

Abstract

Introduction

The aim of our study was to retrospectively learn about the incidence of abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE) after caesarean section (CS) in our Perinatal Centre (Perinatal Centre of the Institute for the Care of Mother and Child), one of the largest in the Czech Republic.

Methods

This is a retrospective review of hospital records on 18,454 caesarean deliveries between 2003 and 2014.

Results

A total of 17 cases of caesarean scar endometriosis (also known as AWE) were identified. The median age was 36.0 (33.5-43.5) years. In 10 patients, the cyclic pain was present. The median interval between CS and first symptoms was 3.0 (1.0-6.5) years. Ultrasound supported the diagnosis by the identification of hypoechogenic lesions in all patients. The median interval between symptoms development and surgical excision was 1.0 year (1.0-4.0 years). Excision was the mode of treatment. Excisions with clear margins (15 cases) were curative to all those patients. Two patients with involved margins had recurrences at 6 and 8 months, respectively, and were treated with a second resection with no further surgery. No malignant transformation cases were identified.

Conclusions

Physicians should be highly suspicious of CS scar endometriosis, especially after uterine surgery. Complete excision is the only curative treatment.

Post author correction

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

Article Subject: Surgical treatment

DOI:10.5301/jeppd.5000300

Authors

Petr Krepelka, Petr Velebil, Jaroslav Feyereisl, Ladislav Krofta

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: No grants or funding have been received for this study.
Conflict of interest: None of the authors has financial interest related to this study to disclose.

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Authors

Affiliations

  • Institute for the Care of Mother and Child (UPMD), Podolske Nabrezi, Prague - Czech Republic
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague - Czech Republic

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