A 10-year study of endometriosis in an indigenous black African population
J Endometr Pelvic Pain Disord 2016; 8(4): 157 - 166
Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
AuthorsAbayomi B. Ajayi, Victor D. Ajayi, Oluwafunmilola Biobaku, Ifeoluwa Oyetunji, Happiness Aikhuele, Adedamilola Atiba, Bamgboye M. Afolabi
Endometriosis is a debilitating disease in women of child-bearing age.
To describe the pattern of presentation, stage of endometriosis and biophysical profile of patients with endometriosis.
A retrospective study of 61 consecutive infertile patients between June 2003 and November 2014.
The means (±SD) of age (years) and of body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2) of the patients were 34.1 (4.3) and 25.8 (5.0), respectively. A relatively high percentage (43, 70.5%) of the women were in the age range of 31-40 years; had normal BMI (27, 44.3%); were nulliparous (53, 86.9%) and were of primary infertility (40, 65.6%). The mean (±SD) age at menarche, of cycle length, of the duration of flow and of years trying to conceive were 12.9 (1.7) years, 29.1 (2.7) days, 4.7 (1.1) days and 5.2 (3.8) years, respectively. A high proportion of them (37, 60.7%) presented with severe endometriosis. The main symptoms at presentation was dysmenorrhea (47, 73.8%). Of the 32 (52.5%) with associated utero-tubal factor, 20 (62.5%) were in severe stage of endometriosis. Among women with endometriosis, those with primary infertility were over three times more likely to present with menorrhagia than those with secondary infertility (χ² = 4.70; p value = 0.03; OR = 3.33; 95% CI = 1.10, 10.12). Only 3 (4.9%) had diagnosis of endometriosis in first-degree relative. Dysmenorrhea was a strong predictor of severe endometriosis.
There may be some trends in the biophysical profile of infertile women with endometriosis which may influence diagnosis and management.
- • Accepted on 21/11/2016
- • Available online on 19/12/2016
- • Published in print on 23/12/2016
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- Ajayi, Abayomi B. [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Ajayi, Victor D. [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Biobaku, Oluwafunmilola [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Oyetunji, Ifeoluwa [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Aikhuele, Happiness [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Atiba, Adedamilola [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Afolabi, Bamgboye M. [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 2, * Corresponding Author (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Nordica Fertility Centre, Ikoyi, Lagos - Nigeria
Health, Environment and Development Foundation, Yaba, Lagos - Nigeria