Endometriosis-associated pain in patients with and without hormone therapy
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Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Article Subject: Pain
AuthorsIris Brandes, Mandala Neuser, Andreas Kopf, Vito Chiantera, Jalid Sehouli, Sylvia Mechsner
Endometriosis is associated with both cyclic and non-cyclic pelvic pain. Many patients do not remain symptom free, even after guideline-oriented treatment. This study aimed to identify differences in endometriosis-associated pain and test for possible associations with hormone therapy.
The results presented here are based on a cross-sectional study conducted at the Charité Endometriosis Center in Berlin in which pain profile data were collected via a questionnaire from women with a confirmed diagnosis of endometriosis. The questionnaire contained items concerning cyclic and non-cyclic pain, pain intensity, and pain duration. SPSS software was used to perform the statistical analysis, including descriptive and analytical statistics.
Of 239 women surveyed, 121 (50.6%) reported current hormone therapy, and 185 (77.4%) reported previous hormone therapy. Moreover, 84% had current (cyclic and non-cyclic) pain symptoms, which were severe enough to warrant treatment in nearly 70% of all cases. Hormone therapy was only found to be associated with a slight, non-significant advantage in patients with “cyclic pain”. The reverse was true of non-cyclic pain: women on hormone therapy reported a greater incidence of pain, greater pain intensity, more frequent need for treatment, and more pain days.
With a very broad interpretation of our findings, it can be concluded that hormone therapy achieves some degree of pain reduction via down-regulation of the ovarian cycle, at least in the case of cyclic pain, whereas non-cyclic pain does not respond or no longer responds to hormones.
- • Accepted on 11/04/2017
- • Available online on 19/05/2017
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- Brandes, Iris [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Neuser, Mandala [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 2
- Kopf, Andreas [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 3
- Chiantera, Vito [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 2
- Sehouli, Jalid [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 2
- Mechsner, Sylvia [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 2, * Corresponding Author (email@example.com)
Institute for Epidemiology, Social Medicine and Health Systems Research, Hannover Medical School, Hannover - Germany
Department of Gynecology, Charité University Hospital, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin - Germany
Department of Anesthesiology, Charité University Hospital, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin - Germany