Tailgut cysts, also called retrorectal cystic hamartomas, are rare findings that usually occur in the retrorectal space. The incidence is estimated to be about 1 in 40,000.
The aim of our review is to evaluate the potential pitfalls in the diagnosis of this rare pathologic condition, according to diagnostic procedures for this rare but misleading and subtle entity.
We conducted a Medline literature review of the English literature discussing tailgut cysts in female patients. We concentrated on imaging technology used for diagnosis in gynecologic patients. For our search, we used the key words “tailgut cyst”, “retrorectal cystic hamartoma”, “gynecology”, focusing on clinical presentation, imaging technology used for diagnosis, presence of malignancy, and misdiagnosis with more common gynecologic pathology.
Our search revealed 143 articles during the years 1975-2016 and, of these, 30 articles describing 91 female patients were considered.
We concluded that tailgut cyst should be included in the differential diagnosis of pelvic lesions in gynecologic patients.
J Endometr Pelvic Pain Disord 2017; 9(3): 168 - 173
Article Type: REVIEW
AuthorsPolina Schwarzman, Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Yael Sciaky-Tamir, Joel Baron, Boaz Sheizaf, Giuseppe Trojano, Reli Hershkovitz
- • Accepted on 30/05/2017
- • Available online on 19/06/2017
- • Published in print on 13/09/2017
This article is available as full text PDF.
- Schwarzman, Polina [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Mastrolia, Salvatore Andrea [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1, 2, * Corresponding Author (email@example.com)
- Sciaky-Tamir, Yael [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 3
- Baron, Joel [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 2
- Sheizaf, Boaz [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Trojano, Giuseppe [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 4
- Hershkovitz, Reli [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 3
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, School of Medicine, Beer Sheva - Israel
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, San Gerardo Hospital, Fondazione MBBM, University of Milano Bicocca, Monza - Italy
US Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, School of Medicine, Beer Sheva - Israel
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Policlinico di Bari, Universita' degli Studi di Bari “Aldo Moro”, School of Medicine, Bari - Italy